This medieval city, a UNESCO World Heritage Site in Sri Lanka, rose to fame as the capital (10th – 12th century AD) after the decline of Anuradhapura. The second seat of rule and a medieval capital: 11-12th Century. The city in its day was fortified with three concentric walls, beautified with parks and gardens and sanctified by many a shrine and sacred place. The majestic King’s Council chamber, the rock cut Lotus Bath, the statue of Parakrama Bahu (one of the great kings of Sri Lanka), the rock-cut sculptures of Gal Vihare (Temple) and the Sea of Parakrama (a vast man-made reservoir) are really memorable sights.